Casino Games History Or How People Have Learnt To Count Cards

The fantasy of capoting a casino is as old as the opinion “casino” itself. Every gambler needs to win. Every other invents his own “system”. Every hundredth efforts to carefully assess the game. And just the few of millions triumph.

The most popular accomplishment in the sphere of “system” game from the casino was the so called “card counting” at blackjack – mathematically based methods of game letting to acquire some edge within the casino. The casinos, definitely, understands regarding the existence of “counters” and want to oppose them – from altering the rules to ban the game. Occasionally even surpassing the limits of reason and legality. In fact, all of the history of the blackjack is the struggle involving the gamblers and also the casino that is more apt.

Over half a century passed since the very first attempts of conquering the casinos in blackjack, based not about the marked cards and instinct. There is a peck of salt eaten since then, but the fight remains going on…


Probably the first person in history who used mathematic analysis to the game blackjack was Jess Marcum (initially Marcovitch) was created on 30th December 1919.

It happened in the turn of 1949 and 1950, when Jess, being an exceptional mathematician and physicist-theorist got to Vegas. Then his mathematic dash prompted him that most possibly not everything depends on instinct in blackjack.

Marcum started analyzing blackjack. First, the singularity of his effort is that he performed entirely all calculations along with his pencil on the paper, on principle without using any technologies whatever weak they might be at that point. Second he’d found the solution!

Jess manually developed what is today called basic strategy and counting processes ten years before someone else has done that. He counted that theoretically he had an advantage on the casino of about 3% – under the states of this time it was fairly actual. Furthermore, Markum had been playing blackjack in all understood to him casinos- both in the USA and abroad.

Jess Markum also went down to history as probably the first guy thrown out from the casino as a result of cards. Though at that time casinos did not realize that such system existed. Jess lived in Las Vegas for about a year. The casino owners swopped the information when they assembled in the general meeting. After that Markum check out this casino site wasn’t admitted at all Vegas casinos. The same narrative- in half a year after astounding “chance” the casino owners started making queries about the incredible gambler. Then other states and cities. Afterward Cuba, the Bahamas. Nobody understands just how much money he has won through that time. One thing is known for sure- in fact, Jess Markum started the war involving the gamblers and casinos in blackjack, that’s still going on and getting increasingly more strained.

He failed to share his calculations with anyone, and completely gave up playing against casino after an extensive public publication of blackjack methods by other writers. Jess Markum died in 1992, in the age of 72.

The four of Neanderthals. {The next effort of great influence on the blackjack mathematics was manufactured in 1956 from the group of four mathematicians- Roger Baldwin, Wilbert E. Cantey, Herbert Maisel and James McDermott.

{These people had never played in casino before, having spent a fantastic amount of m/hr, they created basic strategy of playing blackjack in accordance with the most used at that time rules and published it together using the computation procedures in the specialized math journal for statisticians – Journal of the American Statistical Association entitled “The Optimum Strategy In Blackjack”.

They made several slight mistakes in calculations which is nothing serious taking into account their enormous contribution. A year after they more casino tips here issued a small publication Playing Blackjack to Win, which can be now a bibliography rarity.

In fact their novel along with the post didn’t casino blog link start much furor, and remained almost without attention irrespective of their progressive approach.